Understanding Common Adult Skin Problems

Understanding Common Adult Skin Problems

If you keep up with the Kardashians, you may have seen Kim high tail it over to her dermatologist when she finds flaky, red patches of skin on her legs.  Dr. Lancer, MD, diagnoses her with an autoimmune disease called psoriasis, a condition affecting 7.5 million Americans.  Genetics are a factor; turns out Kris Jenner has had psoriasis since she was 30.  If the Kardashians can’t make a skin condition desirable, who can?  Here’s who:  Cynthia Nixon, of Sex in the City is a spokeswoman for the National Rosacea Society, Tamar Braxton, Toni’s younger sis on “Braxton Family Values” announced she had vitiglio and Cameron Diaz recounts her experiences with cystic acne in her new read, “The Body Book.”  If you are suffering from adult skin problems, you may not be in the best place, but at least,it looks like you are in pretty  good company.

In case you didn’t see Kim’s shocking diagnosis, psoriasis is characterized by thick, red skin patches  covered with silvery scales.  It occurs because the immune system activates the premature growth of new skin cells.  The most likely areas to be affected are elbows, knees, scalp and lower back.  Patches may disappear and reappear and can be treated with creams, ointments, medication and light therapy.

The term eczema is a blanket term used to describe several diseases causing red, itchy dry and inflamed skin.  It is usually caused by stress, allergens, irritants and climate.  It usually appears on the hands, elbows or in skin folds.  Eczema can be treated with topical creams, injections and oral medication.

Rosacea is a tendency for the facial skin to flush easily, followed by redness of the chin, nose, cheeks and forehead.  Although difficult to detect at first, over time, the redness will increase and blood vessels may become visible.  Rosacea may cause the skin to thicken and bumps and pus filled pimples to appear and can even affect the eyes.  Oral and topical medications are available and broken blood vessels and thickened skin or treatable with lasers.

Melasma, also known as chloasma is characterized by the appearance of brown or tan patches on the nose, cheeks, forehead and chin.  Although it is often referred to as “the pregnancy mask” because it occurs in half of all pregnant women, men can also get it.  it usually will disappear when the baby comes, but can be treated with OTC and prescription cream or laser applications,  Sunlight can make it worse and SPF 30 sunscreen is recommended.

Acne breakouts occur when a pore  clogged with oil and dead skin cells become inflamed.  They may remain open and become dark, becoming blackheads, or may become completely blocked and become whiteheads,  Hormones and bacteria are likely triggers.  Acne usually shows up on the chest, back and face.  Pus filled pimples and cysts are also common.  To keep breakouts to a minimum, topical medications and washes, both prescription and OTC are available.

Vitiglio is a disorder which causes white patches to appear on the body.  It happens when the cells responsible for the production of pigment are destroyed.  It can also affect mucous membranes and the eyes. Patches are most likely to appear on feet, hands arms, face and lips or other areas in that tend to be exposed to the sun.  Vitglio can be treated with topical and oral medications, ultraviolet light and removing the color from surrounding areas of skin to blend in with the white patches. Surgical treatments such as skin grafts and tattoos have also proven effective.

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